SIGHT: Hints for the Visual Learner


1. Take notes, make pictures, graphs, and charts. Use flashcards and highlight key details

2. Sit close to the teacher so that you can watch his/her face and gestures.

3. Take notes or make lists as you listen to directions.

4. Carefully check instructions written on the chalkboard and on handouts.

5. as the teacher lectures, pay attention to visual aids such as the following: – Drawing, maps, graphs, charts – Transparencies, posters, films, books

6. Imagine pictures of the information you are suppose to remember.

7. Use color coding as cues to important information.

8. When possible, read assignments silently.

9. Maintain class notes and outlines of important information to study.

10. Try to read and study in well lit, quiet place.

11. Record homework assignments in a date book, on a note pad, or a specially designed assignment sheet.

12. Keep a note pad with you at all times. Write out everything for frequent and quick visual review.



1. Use sight words, flashcards, note cards and experience stories; don’t try to sound words out, but try to determine if the new word or words has words you already know. For example, the ―systematic‖ has the word ―system‖, ―stem‖ and ―mat‖ within it.

2. You are a ―look-and-say‖ learner. Look at a word carefully; then say it.



1. Jot down ideas as they form in your mind.

2. Outline your ideas.

3. Make a rough draft, skipping lines. Correct/revise your work.

4. Re-copy your paper.

5. ESSAY TEST: Make quick outlines on scratch paper or in the margin of the test before writing your answer.



1. See the word – close your eyes.

2. Make a picture – then read from your picture.

3. Write the word – match the picture.

4. Check your work immediately.



1. Visualize the problem.

2. Make pictures or tallies of the problem on scratch paper.

3. Write the problem.



SOUND: Hints for the Auditory Learner


1. Say aloud the information to be learned/have someone read the information to you/read it into a tape recorder and replay it.

2. Read your work out loud. Summarize what you have read on tape.

3. Say words inside your head silently.

4. Brainstorm ideas with others. Form study groups.

5. When possible, learn information through tapes, television, oral reports, rhymes and songs, radio, lectures, book reviews, panel and group discussions, guest lectures, and oral questions and answers.

6. Use a straight-edge marker or guide to assist you in keeping your place while you are reading or working with printed materials.

7. Tape class lectures (Ask instructor for permission).

8. Meet with classmates before and/or after class to discuss material.



1. Plan each sentence you want to write by saying it out loud or silently in your head.

2. Say each sentence several times.

3. Write each sentence as you say it, or talk into a tape recorder, dictating each sentence of your paragraph; then play the tape back – one sentence at a time – and record your paragraph in writing.



1. Listen to the spelling of the word.

2. Say the word – then say each letter out loud

3. Close your eyes and spell the word out loud; check your spelling.

4. Close your eyes and spell the word out loud again; check your spelling.

5. Now write the word, trying to hear it in your mind.

6. Verbally review spelling words and lectures with a friend.



1. Learn math while saying the concept, fact, theorem, etc., aloud.

2. Explain math problems, concepts, facts, etc., to yourself, relating the information out loud.

3. Use a tape recorder and replay the information.

















Characteristics of Learning Styles

Three of your senses are primarily used in learning, storing, remembering and recalling information. Your eyes, ears, and sense of touch play essential roles in the way you communicate, perceive reality and relate to others. Because you learn form and communicate best with someone who shares your dominant modaility, it is a great advantage for you to know the characteristics of visual, auditory and kinesthetic styles and to be able to identify them in others.


Mind   sometimes strays during verbal activities

Observe   rather than acts or talks

Likes   to read

Usually   a good speller

Memorizes   by seeing graphics or pictures

Not   too distractible

Finds   verbal instruction difficult

Has   good handwriting

Remembers   faces

Uses   advanced planning


Quiet   by nature

Meticulous,   neat in appearance

Notices details



Likes   physical rewards

In   motion most of the time

Likes   to touch people when talking

Taps   pencil or foot when studying

Enjoys   doing activities

Reading   not a priority

Poor   speller

Likes   to solve problems by physically working through them

Will   try new things

Outgoing   by nature; expresses emotions by physical means

Uses   hands while talking

Dresses for comfort



Talks   to self aloud

Enjoys   talking

Easily   distracted

Has   difficulty with written directions

Likes   to be read to

Memorizes   sequentially

Enjoys   music

Whispers   to self while reading

Distracted   by noise

Hums   or sings

Outgoing   by nature

Enjoys listening activities


Hints for the Tactile/Kinesthetic Learner

1. Keep your desk clear of distracting objects.

2. Cover the page you’re not reading

3. If you are distracted by noise, turn off the radio; wear earplugs or wear an earphone in the learning center to block out the noise. If you want sound, listen to soft music.

4. Divide your work into short study sessions. Get a timer. After 20 minutes or when a task is completed, give yourself a reward, a cookie, a walk around the block, listen to one song, etc.

5. Sit as close to the teacher as possible, or sit in the center of the room by quiet students.

6. When studying, use a multi-sensory approach (hearing, seeing, touching and doing) as much as possible.

7. Get plenty of sleep.

8. Eat a nutritious breakfast and lunch. Snack on fruit or nutritional food if you need extra energy.

9. Study in a carrel or in an office where there is a desk for your text books and notebook.

10. Use models, real objects, and materials that can be touched and moved. For example, learn geography through handling and studying a globe.

11. When possible draw what you are learning.

12. Trace spelling words as you practice them.

13. Record in writing information learned. Keep a supply of paper on hand.

14. When possible, role plays, type, takes notes or construct models to learn the information.